An estimated 45% of deaths in low- and middle-income countries could be prevented by establishing emergency healthcare (EHC) systems (Kobusingye 2012). These countries face many structural challenges in providing emergency healthcare to their citizens, rendering them unable to intervene with rapid coordinated responses

This research project presents two low-cost targeted solutions to improve EHC provision in Benin, with a potential for replication across the West African region.

First, we document structural limitations to EHC in Benin, focusing on poor pre-hospital care and administrative organization. Second, we analyse the effects of these limitations on emergency care. Third, we propose two experimental solutions. The first is an emergency care intervention using medical taxis to address the lack of pre-hospital transportation. The second is the installation of a centralized communication center to coordinate the existing EHC system. We will measure the effect of the interventions on response times and access to emergency healthcare.

Sponsored by: ASE and the Center for Health & Wellbeing (Princeton University, United States)